Official languages of the United Nations and languages by number of native speakers

The official languages of the United Nations are the six languages that are used in UN meetings, and in which all official UN documents are written. In alphabetical order they are:

S’ha proposat que el Hindi, el de l’Índia que estat més poblat del món i també el portuguès, parlat a Portugal, Brasil, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea Equatorial, Cap Verd, Guinea-bissau, São Tomé and Príncipe, Timor-Leste, Macao.
L’alemany o el japonés no hi son ni s’han proposat mai.

 

Language Family Native speakers
(Ethnologue 16)[2]
Total speakers
(Ethnologue 16)[2]
Other estimates Rank
Mandarin Sino-Tibetan,
Chinese
845 million (2000) 1025 million One of the six official languages of the United Nations.
All varieties of Chinese: 1,200 million (2000)
1
Spanish
(Castilian)
Indo-European,
Romance
329 million (1986–2000) 390 million 400 million native.[3] 500 million total (2009)[4]

One of the six official languages of the United Nations.

2
English Indo-European,
Germanic
328 million (2000–2006) Approximately 375 million L1 speakers, 375 million L2 speakers, and 750 million EFL speakers. Totaling about 1.5 billion speakers.[5]

One of the six official languages of the United Nations.

3
Hindustani
(Hindi-Urdu)
Indo-European,
Indo-Aryan
240 million (1991–1997) 405 million (1999) 490 million total speakers.[6] 4
Arabic Afro-Asiatic,
Semitic
206 million (1999), 221 million, 232 million
(206M is “all Arabic varieties”; 221M is Arabic “macrolanguage”, not counting Hassaniya; 232M is sum of counts for all dialects)
452 million (1999) 280 million native.[7]

One of the six official languages of the United Nations.

5
Bengali
(Bangla)
Indo-European,
Indo-Aryan
181 million (1997–2001) 250 million   6–7
Portuguese Indo-European,
Romance
178 million (1998) 193 million 220 million native, 240 million total.[8] 6–7
Russian Indo-European,
Slavic
144 million (2002) 250 million One of the six official languages of the United Nations.[9] 8
Japanese Japonic 122 million (1985) 123 million   9
Punjabi Indo-European,
Indo-Aryan
109 million (2000)
All varieties: Lahnda, Seraiki, Hindko, Mirpur
  10

 

 

El top 10 segons ethnologue.org és el següent:

Rank Language Primary Country Total
Countries
Speakers
(millions)
1 Chinese [zho] China 31 1,213
  Chinese, Gan [gan] China 1 20.6
  Chinese, Hakka [hak] China 17 30.0
  Chinese, Huizhou [czh] China 1 4.6
  Chinese, Jinyu [cjy] China 1 45.0
  Chinese, Mandarin [cmn] China 20 845
  Chinese, Min Bei [mnp] China 2 10.3
  Chinese, Min Dong [cdo] China 7 9.1
  Chinese, Min Nan [nan] China 10 47.3
  Chinese, Min Zhong [czo] China 1 3.1
  Chinese, Wu [wuu] China 2 77.2
  Chinese, Xiang [hsn] China 2 36.0
  Chinese, Yue [yue] China 20 55.5
2 Spanish [spa] Spain 44 329
3 English [eng] United Kingdom 112 328
4 Arabic [ara] Saudi Arabia 57 221
  Arabic, Algerian Spoken [arq] Algeria 6 22.4
  Arabic, Egyptian Spoken [arz] Egypt 10 54.0
  Arabic, Gulf Spoken [afb] Iraq 10 3.6
  Arabic, Hijazi Spoken [acw] Saudi Arabia 2 6.0
  Arabic, Libyan Spoken [ayl] Libya 3 4.3
  Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken [acm] Iraq 5 15.1
  Arabic, Moroccan Spoken [ary] Morocco 10 21.0
  Arabic, Najdi Spoken [ars] Saudi Arabia 7 10.0
  Arabic, North Levantine Spoken [apc] Syria 16 14.4
  Arabic, North Mesopotamian Spoken [ayp] Iraq 4 6.3
  Arabic, Sa’idi Spoken [aec] Egypt 1 19.0
  Arabic, Sanaani Spoken [ayn] Yemen 1 7.6
  Arabic, South Levantine Spoken [ajp] Jordan 9 6.2
  Arabic, Sudanese Spoken [apd] Sudan 6 16.8
  Arabic, Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken [acq] Yemen 8 7.1
  Arabic, Tunisian Spoken [aeb] Tunisia 5 9.4
5 Hindi [hin] India 20 182
6 Bengali [ben] Bangladesh 10 181
7 Portuguese [por] Portugal 37 178
8 Russian [rus] Russian Federation 33 144
9 Japanese [jpn] Japan 25 122
10 German, Standard [deu] Germany 43 90.3
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